Colour: Found in a variety of colours.
Mandarine (Spessartine) Garnets- Bright orange to deep redish orange.
Rhodolite (Pyrope) Garnets- Red to redish brown.
Tsavorite (Green Grossular) Garnets- Bright green.
Hardness: 6.5 - 7.5 (on Moh’s hardness scale).
Specific Gravity: 3.50/4.30 This is an indication of the stone's density, calculated by comparing the stone's weight with the weight of an equal volume of water.
Refractive Index: 1.71 to 1.79. This is a measure of the amount light is bent from its original path when passing through a stone.
Principal sources: Brazil, Canada, South Africa, Sri Lanka, India, Russia and Madagascar.